compute an epsilon-GCD for a pair of univariate numeric polynomials
EpsilonGCD(a, b, z, tau = eps)
univariate numeric polynomials
name; indeterminate for a and b
tau = eps
(optional) equation where eps is of type numeric and non-negative; stability parameter
The EpsilonGCD(a, b, z) command returns a univariate numeric polynomial g with a positive float epsilon such that g is an epsilon-GCD for the input polynomials (a,b). (See  for a definition of an epsilon-GCD.)
This epsilon-GCD g is derived from the stable algorithm of  as follows. The algorithm of  computes a numerical pseudo remainder sequence (ai,bi) for (a,b) in a weakly stable way, accepting only the pairs that are well-conditioned (because the others produce instability). The maximum index i for which (ai,bi) is accepted yields the epsilon-GCD g=ai provided the norm of bi is small enough in a sense given in . The value of eta depends in particular on the value of bi and on the 1-norm of the residual error at the last accepted step.
If the problem is poorly conditioned, the EpsilonGCD(a, b, z) command may return FAIL (rather than a meaningless answer). Here, ill-conditioning is a function of the parameter tau. Its default value is the cubic root of the current value of the Digits variable. Decreasing the value of tau yields a more reliable solution. Increasing the value of tau reduces the risk of failure.
Beckermann, B., and Labahn, G. "A fast and numerically stable Euclidean-like algorithm for detecting relatively prime numerical polynomials." Journal of Symbolic Computation. Vol. 26, (1998): 691-714.
Beckermann, B., and Labahn, G. "When are two numerical polynomials relatively prime?" Journal of Symbolic Computation. Vol. 26, (1998): 677-689.
Corless, R.M.; Gianni, P.M.; Trager, B.M.; and Watt, S.M. "The singular value decomposition for polynomial systems." ISSAC'95, pp. 195-207. ACM Press, 1995.
Karmarkar, N., and Lakshman, Y.N. "Approximate polynomial greatest common divisors and nearest singular polynomials." ISSAC'96, pp. 35-39. ACM Press, 1996.
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