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Student[VectorCalculus]

  

ArcLength

  

computes the arc length of a curve

 

Calling Sequence

Parameters

Description

Examples

Calling Sequence

ArcLength(C, interval, output = output_type)

Parameters

C

-

free or position Vector or Vector valued procedure; specify the components of the curve

interval

-

range or name=range; specify the interval of the curve's parameter

output = output_type

-

(optional) equation; specify 'integral' or 'value' for output_type; specify 'integral' for the function to return an inert integral, and 'value' to return the computed output

Description

• 

The ArcLength(C, interval) command computes the arc length of the curve C where the parameter varies over the range specified in interval.

• 

If integral is specified for output_type, the command returns an unevaluated integral; if value is specified, the command returns the computed value of the integral. The default value for output_type is value.

• 

The curve C can be specified as a Vector or as a Vector valued procedure.  This determines the returned object type.

• 

If interval is a range, the function tries to determine a suitable variable name by using the components of C.  To do this, it checks all of the indeterminates of type name in the components of C and removes the ones which are determined to be constants.

  

If the resulting set has a single entry, that entry is the variable name.  If it has more than one entry, an error is raised.  If interval is an equation, the left side is used as the parameter name.

• 

If either of the endpoints of the range specified by interval is of type complex(float), symbolic integration is not attempted. Instead, numeric integration is used to find the arc length.

• 

If a coordinate system attribute is specified on C, it is interpreted in that coordinate system.  Otherwise, the curve is interpreted as a curve in the current default coordinate system.  If the two are not compatible, an error is raised.

Examples

withStudent[VectorCalculus]:

ArcLengthrcost&comma;rsint&comma;t&equals;0..2&pi;assuming0<r

2&pi;r

(1)

ArcLengthPositionVectorcost&comma;sint&comma;t&comma;0..6&pi;

6&pi;2

(2)

ArcLengthcost&comma;sint&comma;t&comma;0..6&pi;&comma;output&equals;integral

&int;06&pi;1&plus;sint2&plus;cost2&DifferentialD;t

(3)

ArcLengtht&rarr;t&comma;t2&comma;0..1

12514ln2&plus;5

(4)

evalf

1.478942857

(5)

ArcLengtht&comma;t2&comma;0.0..1.0

1.478942858

(6)

SetCoordinates&apos;polar&apos;

polarr&comma;&theta;

(7)

ArcLength&ExponentialE;t&comma;t&comma;t&equals;0..&infin;

2

(8)

See Also

assuming

evalf

Student[VectorCalculus]

Student[VectorCalculus][GetCoordinates]

Student[VectorCalculus][SetCoordinates]