return the upper triangular region of a Matrix
Matrix, Vector, Array, or scalar
For a matrix A, the UpperTriangle(A) command returns a matrix R where R[i,j] = A[i,j] when R[i,j] is on or above the main diagonal of R. R[i,j] = 0 otherwise.
For a matrix A, the UpperTriangle(A,k) command returns a matrix R where R[i,j] = A[i,j] when R[i,j] is on or above the diagonal of R indexed by k. R[i,j] = 0 otherwise.
The diagonals of a matrix are indexed using signed integers, where the main diagonal has index 0. Superdiagonals are indexed with positive integers and subdiagonals are indexed with negative integers.
This function is part of the ArrayTools package, so it can be used in the short form UpperTriangle(..) only after executing the command with(ArrayTools). However, it can always be accessed through the long form of the command by using ArrayTools[UpperTriangle](..).
A ≔ Matrix⁡1,2,1,4,5,6,2,8,1
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