 GabrielGraph - Maple Help

GraphTheory[GeometricGraphs]

 GabrielGraph
 construct Gabriel graph Calling Sequence GabrielGraph( P, opts ) Parameters

 P - Matrix or list of lists representing set of points opts - (optional) one or more options as specified below Options

 • triangulation : list  of three-element lists
 Supply a previously computed Delaunay triangulation of P. The input must be a valid Delaunay triangulation in the format returned by ComputationalGeometry[DelaunayTriangulation]: a list of three-element lists of integers, representing triangles in a triangulation of P.
 • vertices : list of integers, strings or symbols
 Specifies the vertices to be used in the generated graph.
 • weighted : true or false
 If weighted=true, the result is a weighted graph whose edge weights correspond to the Euclidean distance between points. The default is false. Description

 • The GabrielGraph(P, opts) command returns the Gabriel graph for the point set P.
 • The parameter P must be a Matrix or list of lists representing a set of points. Definitions

 • Let $P$ be a set of points in $n$ dimensions, let $p$ and $q$ be arbitrary points from $P$, and let $\mathrm{dist}\left(p,q\right)$ be the Euclidean distance between $p$ and $q$.
 • The Gabriel graph the graph whose vertices correspond to points in $P$ and whose edges consist of those pairs $p$ and $q$ from $P$ for which the closed ball centered halfway between $p$ and $q$ with diameter equal to $\mathrm{dist}\left(p-q\right)$ contains no other points from $P$.
 Formally, define the ball $B\left(p,q\right)$ to be those points $r\in P$ such that $\mathrm{dist}\left(r,\frac{p}{2}+\frac{q}{2}\right)\le \frac{\mathrm{dist}\left(p,q\right)}{2}$. The Gabriel graph has an edge between $p$ and $q$ if and only if $B\left(p,q\right)=\varnothing$.
 • The Gabriel graph has the following relationships with other graphs:
 The Euclidean minimum spanning tree on P is a subgraph of the Gabriel graph on P.
 The nearest neighbor graph on P is a subgraph of the Gabriel graph on P.
 The relative neighborhood graph on P is a subgraph of the Gabriel graph on P.
 The Urquhart graph on P is a subgraph of the Gabriel graph on P.
 The Gabriel graph on P is a subgraph of the Delaunay graph on P. Examples

Generate a set of random two-dimensional points and draw a Gabriel graph.

 > $\mathrm{with}\left(\mathrm{GraphTheory}\right):$
 > $\mathrm{with}\left(\mathrm{GeometricGraphs}\right):$
 > $\mathrm{points}≔\mathrm{LinearAlgebra}:-\mathrm{RandomMatrix}\left(60,2,\mathrm{generator}=0..100.,\mathrm{datatype}=\mathrm{float}\left[8\right]\right)$
 ${\mathrm{points}}{≔}\begin{array}{c}\left[\begin{array}{cc}{9.85017697341803}& {82.9750304386195}\\ {86.0670183749663}& {83.3188659363996}\\ {64.3746795546741}& {73.8671607639673}\\ {57.3670557294666}& {2.34399775883031}\\ {23.6234264844933}& {52.6873367387328}\\ {47.0027547350003}& {22.2459488367552}\\ {74.9213491558963}& {62.0471820220718}\\ {92.1513434709073}& {96.3107262637080}\\ {48.2319624355944}& {63.7563267144141}\\ {90.9441877431805}& {33.8527464913022}\\ {⋮}& {⋮}\end{array}\right]\\ \hfill {\text{60 × 2 Matrix}}\end{array}$ (1)
 > $\mathrm{GG}≔\mathrm{GabrielGraph}\left(\mathrm{points}\right)$
 ${\mathrm{GG}}{≔}{\mathrm{Graph 1: an undirected unweighted graph with 60 vertices and 105 edge\left(s\right)}}$ (2)
 > $\mathrm{DrawGraph}\left(\mathrm{GG}\right)$  References

 Gabriel, Kuno Ruben; Sokal, Robert Reuven (1969), "A new statistical approach to geographic variation analysis", Systematic Biology, Society of Systematic Biologists, 18(3): 259–278. doi:10.2307/2412323. Compatibility

 • The GraphTheory[GeometricGraphs][GabrielGraph] command was introduced in Maple 2020.